Coloscopy and Gastroscopy
Coloscopies and gastroscopies enable doctors to take a look inside intestines or the stomach to make a precise diagnosis and plan a suitable treatment. A coloscopy is an examination of the large bowel and usually also of the last few centimetres of the small bowel. There are plenty of reasons why you should not put off such a medical check up for too long.
- preventive coloscopy from the age of 50
- bloody stools
- rectal bleeding and tarry stools
- tumour search combined with weight loss or metastasis deriving from an undetected tumour
- suspected chronic inflammatory intestinal disease
- suspected other kinds of enteritis
- unclear reasons for constipation or diarrhea
- unclear reasons for pain in the abdomen
- control check up after bowel cancer therapy and / or polypectomy
A gastroscopy is necessary to examine the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum from inside. Tissue samples can be taken to be examined under the microscope. Additional larger tissue samples or polyps can be removed using loop extraction.
A gastroscopy is urgently recommended in case of the following symptoms: long lasting epigastrium pains, chronic acid reflux, difficulty in swallowing, unclear reasons for diarrhea, suspected gastric ulcer, stomach cancer;
Emergency gastroscopies are made to stop sudden bleeding from the stomach, oesophagus or duodenum. This can be life saving.
The bleeding is mostly caused by stomach ulcers. Bleeding can be stopped by inserting drugs or by using a clipping or taping technique.
Especially at risk are patients suffering from liver cirrhosis whose oesophagus varices start bleeding.